Authors : Christopher A.P, S. Ked, Dyana Destylya, S. Ked, Ruth Tambunan, S. Ked, Tondy Arian P, S. Ked. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau. 2009.
—-Preeclampsia is medical condition where hypertension arises in pregnancy in association with significant protein in the urine. Disease that occurs in approximately 3-14 percent of all pregnancies worldwide, and about 5-8% in the United States. The disease is mild in 75% of cases in the United States, and severe in 25%. Ten percent of preeclampsia occurs in pregnancies less than 34 weeks of gestation 1,2.
—-Preeclampsia is the second leading cause of maternal mortality, accounting for 12-18% of pregnancy-related maternal deaths 3.
—-Women with risk factors have an increased risk of developing preeclampsia, as first pregnancy (excluding miscarriages), overweight, high blood pressure, kidney disease, lupus, or diabetes prior to pregnancy, multiple gestation (eg, twins or triplets), a family history of preeclampsia in a sister or mother, a previous pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia, maternal age under 20 and possibly maternal age over 35 to 40 2 .